Fibre Glossary

  • Quilting img

    Sewing a nonwoven polypropylene fabric to our nonwovens.

  • Calender img

    Finishing treatment given to the surface of the nonwoven fabric that gives it a smooth appearance.

  • Calibrate img

    Compacting the fiber to give a nonwoven a desired thickness.

  • Clusters img

    Fibre clusters are a ball-shaped material, generally used as cushion and sofa backrest filling among many other applications.

  • Crimp img

    Crimp refers to waves or bends in the fibre, per unit length. It gives cohesion and volume to the fiber and facilitates carding.

  • Decitex img

    Decitex (dtex) is a unit that determines the proportion of fibers, that is, the weight (in grams), of 1000m of thread or filament.

  • Fibre img

    An elongated material that can be spun into wires, lines or ropes or disposed in layers. It is a polymer that serves as raw material to manufacture paper, felt or nonwoven fabrics.

  • Siliconized fibres img

    Fibres that have a silicone coating, giving sliding properties to nonwovens. Silicone enhances the touch and comfort of nonwoven fabrics.

  • Thermobonding fibre img

    Thermobonding or bicomponent fibre acts as a binder, allowing the nonwoven tissue to stay connected once it is carded. It is manufactured from two polyesters with different melting points - 110ºC and 230ºC. The outside melts at a lower temperature than the core, allowing the fiber to connect to each other.

  • Polymer img

    Chemical compound formed by macromolecules.

  • Section img

    The section is the interior or profile of a fibre filament. Nonwoven fabrics can have solid or hollow sections.

  • Nonwovens img

    Nonwovens are veils composed of interlocked or bonded fibers.

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